Sri Lankan elephants are their own subspecies, known as elephas maximus maximus.
They can weigh anywhere from 2.25-5.5 tons (2000-5000kg).
The average elephant eats anywhere between 200-300kg of food per day. This means that they produce a large amount of waste everyday… Up to 200kg!!
Elephants are vegetarians and love to eat jackfruit leaves, coconut palm leaves, kitul bark, fruits and vegetables.
Asian elephants alter their ecosystem by creating new habitats for emergent vegetation. Because they defecate up to 18x a day and they tend to travel long distances they disperse seeds all over.
Elephants only have four teeth – one upper and one lower tooth per side. These massive teeth allow them to grind down the leaves and bark they eat.
They lose their teeth 3-4x in their lifetime. You can tell whether the elephant has a new set of teeth by looking at their dung and seeing how small the plant fibres are! The smaller the fibres are the younger the teeth!